When you are doing an offline factory reset or "reinstall" you have to be sure the version you are installing is the same or newer than the version you have installed. On the recovery screen the version that is currently installed is displayed at the bottom of the screen (ex. "rs1_xbox_rel_...."). I've seen people having trouble with the updates not working because the download from MS gets corrupt also, but you can usually tell that when you unzip it (errors appear). I have also had offline updates not install because of bad or corrupt hard drives. Sometimes reformatting the hard drive (restoring it back to original partitions and OS afterward) does the trick, but I wouldn't recommend this unless you are familiar with partitioning, hard drive setup, and running drive commands inside Linux. You may also find a solution with this system error troubleshooting guide.
Have you tried resetting your Xbox? Unplug everything for about 30 minutes (to let all the voltage dissipate), the plug back in and try again. There may be something in the settings stuck also. If you can boot to the recovery/troubleshooting screen, you can reset the console (to factory settings). This will delete everything though. You can also download an offline patch that resets all settings via a USB update, but I'm not sure if MS has a link to that anymore. If you still need help, try this Xbox one green screen troubleshooting guide. SPAM
I have seen this before. It could be one or many things. Start by checking all parts involved in powering the console on such a the external power adapter, and the power adapter wall cable. Things may just need to be reset and freed of any voltage hangs. To do this unplug everything from the console and the wall and let it set for 30 minutes before trying to power it on again. Is it plugged into a surge protector? Try it plugged directly into the wall outlet. Chances are though the internal hardware of the Xbox ONE are why you have a no power problem. Spam
The power adapter has a built-in shut off switch that disables all power when a surge, overload, or short is detected. Since you have already tried a separate power adapter (one that was confirmed working), and it does the same thing you most likely have a problem with the internal hardware of the console. Have you tried unplugging the console for more than 30 minutes so it completely loses any voltage and (more or less) resets? This may solve your no power problem. You can also check this out. It has helped me before in the past. https://gamersrepair.com/index.php/troub...-one-help/xbox-one-no-power-troubleshooting-guide
This is forever a debate. The ultimate conclusion is if MS deems it "tampering" then you will get banned. However, drives can be replaced/upgraded if done properly. From my understanding, if the drive isn't formatted and have the correct OS on it, it won't work anyway so how could you get banned? Replacing/upgrading the drive involves some expert level stuff (dealing with partitions, formatting in Linux, installing OS, etc) so if you have any doubt about your skill level, I wouldn't risk it. I tried to do a 1TB upgrade on my Xbox, and ended up messing it all up. Spam removed