What is the make and model number of the phone as your description of it doesn’t match the device selected?
If you provide the make and model information it will help. Alternatively type the make and model number in the search box at the top of this page as there are a lot of phone repair guides on Ifixit which may help. If your model is listed of course.
The impurities in the water causes corrosion and provides circuit paths for the electricity which were not in the phone's operating design and could damage the components. The corrosion starts immediately and is ongoing until it is completely cleaned away
Rice does not fix the problems caused by corrosion Rice is for dinner, not repair
First do not try to charge or to turn on your phone and then remove the battery as soon as possible from the phone to minimize any further damage. I realize that you’re stuck at this point but hopefully when you find (or are provided with) the repair guides for your model, the following information will help you to fix it
Then you need to dis-assemble the rest of the phone and clean all the affected parts using Isopropyl Alcohol 99%+ (available at electronics parts stores) to remove all traces of corrosion and water. If possible do not use "rubbing alcohol" as in some cases this is only 70% IPA or less, can contain additives and is not as effective. If you do have to use it check the label to verify the amount of IPA. The higher the percentage of IPA the better
Here is a link that describes the process. Electronics Water Damage
As always with electronics, especially surface mounted pcb be gentle when handling and especially when brushing away the corrosion. You do not want to remove any components from the board. Remove the shields that may be covering some components as the water may have got in there. The ends of any flex cables and their connectors need to be cleaned as well
Hopefully after you have done all this the phone might possibly work correctly again.
If this process seems too daunting, take your phone to a reputable, professional phone repair service, experienced in liquid damage repair and ask for a quote for a repair. If you decide to do this, do it sooner than later.